CSS Basics (v1)

Introduction

This again should represent a review from what you’ve already covered in the Web Development 101 Lesson on HTML/CSS, but if you’re unable to answer the questions posed below in the "Learning Objectives" section, you could probably benefit from the review of the basic stuff.

Learning Objectives

  • What are selectors?
  • In general, how specific should you be when targeting elements using selectors?
  • What’s the difference between using %, em and rem to specify sizes?
  • How do you select an element inside another element?
  • How can you shorten up a long batch of CSS that’s doing the same thing to many different elements by putting them all in one line?
  • How do you target the immediate child of an element?
  • How do you target a class inside a class?
  • How do you target a class inside an ID?
  • How would you target "all the links inside li elements that have the class bunny which are inside the unordered list with the id things-that-hop"?
  • What are the three ways to include CSS in your project?
  • How do you import an external stylesheet?
  • What is the browser’s default stylesheet?
  • What is a "CSS Reset" file and why is it helpful?
  • Which stylesheet has preference if you import multiple ones and there are overlapping styles?
  • What is the order of priority of selectors (e.g. if you specify that the <body> has color black but <h1> tags have the color blue but class main-title has the color red, which will be used by <body style="color:yellow"><h1 class="main-title" style="color:green">Howdy!</h1><body>?)

Study

  1. Read Shay Howe on the Basics of HTML/CSS.

  2. Read CSS Tricks on Attribute Selectors.

  3. Study and bookmark the CSS selectors cheatsheet & details page as it is one of the most comprehensive CSS selector references out there. You will be coming back to this page again and again to refresh your memory but also to find the appropriate selectors for various cases.

Why do we need CSS Resets? To avoid visual discrepancies between different browsers like the ones below.

Why to use CSS Resets

(Image by Margarita Roi on Medium)

  1. Read the A tale of CSS Resets and Everything You Need to Know About Them post by Margarita Roi to learm more about CSS Resets and why we use them.

Additional Resources

(If you like the tool, don’t forget to star its GitHub repo)

LOOKING FOR HELP?

When looking for help, try doing so in the following order:

  • Did you try everything you could?
  • Did you read the documentation?
  • Did you Google for it?
  • Did you post your question on Slack/Forum?
  • Did you ask your fellow students for help?
  • Did you ask your Mentors for help?
  • Did you leave a comment on the comments section of this page?
  • Did you ask your Instructor for help?
    • Did you arrange and appointment with your instructor using Calendly? Visit this URL and set up an appointment: https://calendly.com/kostasx
    • Is it urgent? Did you try reaching him on Slack

UPDATED: 29.03.2021

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